Caveat Emptor – derived from word ‘caveat’ (i.e. may he beware) + ‘emptor’ (i.e. buyer). It is a Latin term which means ‘‘let the buyer beware’’. According to this rule, the buyer himself should be careful while purchasing the goods and he should himself ascertain those goods suit his purpose.
LGBTQA rights have been a topic of discussion for a long time around the world and has gained a lot of importance in India recently. It was only in 2017, when people of the LGBT community were allowed to express their sexual orientation under the Right to Privacy under the Indian Constitution. The Right to Privacy was declared a fundamental right in the same year in the historic KS Puttaswamy versus Union of India (SC, 2017) case.
Climate change has always been a prevalent phenomenon. Ice Ages testify for the existence of cyclic climate change. These climatic variations have steered extreme weather conditions globally. Climate change has a drastic effect on agriculture through increasing temperatures, varying precipitation patterns, loss of diversity, etc. The pressing need for sustainable agricultural developments is being recognized and its foundations have been laid down in the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development.
In 2016, a case of Sundar Singh Jadhav got viral because of he had disclosed about a famous kidney racket at Mumbai’s Hiranandani hospital. He had been the key witness to the trafficking happening there. His death in January 2019 made it to the news because no suicide note was found at his place but according to the police financial stress and domestic problems had been the reason behind his death
‘Live-in Relationship’ as defined in Alok Kumar v. State: “Live-in relationship is a walk-in and walk-out relationship where neither any strings are attached, nor does it create any legal bond between the parties. It is a contract of living together which is renewed every day by the parties and can be terminated by either of the parties without the consent of the other party and one party can walk out at will at any time.”
In order to analyse the working of the UN and point out its limitations, in 1950, Kelsen Published ‘The Law of United Nations’ in this book he analysed the different aspects of the functioning of the organs of the United Nations with a juristic approach. Kelsen applied positive jurisprudence of law while writing this book when he affirms that the book deals with the Law of the Organisation as it is and not with its desired role in International Law.
The book has thoroughly revised the entire working model of the UN on the premise of the UN Charter, according to its making and the ideas expressed in it. However, not all of those ideas hold water today as these bodies have defined their roles over the decades.
Abortion laws and their enforcement have fluctuated through various eras. In many western countries during the 20th century, for example in 1929, the Infant Life Preservation Act was passed in the United Kingdom, which amended the law (Offences against the Person Act 1861 and South Africa allows abortion on demand under its Choice on Termination of Pregnancy Act and these movements were successful in having abortion bans repealed. While abortion remains legal in most of the West, this legality is regularly challenged by anti-abortion groups.
On 22 November 2017, an ICTY (International Residual Mechanism for Criminal Tribunals) Trial Chamber issued its Judgement in the case of Ratko Mladid. Under Article 2(2) of the Transitional Arrangements, the Mechanism has competence over appellate proceedings originating from ICTY cases for which the notice of appeal is filed on or after 1 July 2013.
Unlike other refugee problems, the Venezuelan crisis is not the product of everyday military conflict. However, the hardships Venezuelans experience every day are not any different from those experienced in an ongoing war zone. Since 2013 the economy of Venezuela has shrunk by 65 per cent, the biggest recession from outside of the war in 45 years. The only near comparisons are countries experiencing armed warfare, such as Liberia, where 90 per cent of the country’s GDP was decimated during its brutal civil war.
This year, a Week of Action will be launched from 10-17 June, starting with the release of the global estimates and trends on child labour (2016-2020), partnering with Alliance 8.7. The report will include an assessment of “how the pace of progress towards ending child labour is likely to be affected by the COVID-19 pandemic and the unprecedented economic crisis that has accompanied it” concluding with the stakeholders announcing their 2021 Action Pledges.